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Sunday, November 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of Study of the fauna and some chemical characteristics of the algal section of a polluted river. found in the catalog.

Study of the fauna and some chemical characteristics of the algal section of a polluted river.

John B. Sprague

Study of the fauna and some chemical characteristics of the algal section of a polluted river.

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Published .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.A.) -- University of Toronto, 1954.

The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18910452M


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Study of the fauna and some chemical characteristics of the algal section of a polluted river. by John B. Sprague Download PDF EPUB FB2

Robert Brian Genter, in Algal Ecology, E. Importance to Higher-Level Consumers. Algal community composition may be indirectly altered solely by the effects that chemical stressors have on higher-level consumers.

If grazers are important in structuring algal community composition, then stress at the grazer level may increase abundance of previously cropped algal species that are tolerant.

photosynthetic activity by algae. However, the most frequently encountered range is The range of pH apt for fisheries is considered to bethough is preferable. A list of more than algal taxa was published based on the reports of considerable number of authors.

According to this list, many algal genera have species that grow well in water containing a. The study of Physico-chemical parameters in earthen fish ponds in three of sasaram was conducted to determine the quality of water for pond fish culture from June to October, The volume of water running through each stream section exceeds the volume that exists at any moment in time in the section.

Thus, the amount of organic matter and nutrients carried by water exceed those existing in each stream section. The flow greatly overwhelms the stock. Biotic communities in a river section serve as effective storage.

Study of physico-chemical and bacteriological characteristics of Yamuna River at Union Territory of Delhi to assess the quality and pollution level. Journal of Institutional and Public Health Engineers, India, 4, pp.

26 – This study was conducted to assess the physical chemical characteristics and heavy metal content in a section of Nairobi River which passes through various residential facilities. Water samples. The first section—the core of this chapter—describes, in detail, some fields that can be explored in the search of commercial opportunities for phytoremediation in order to address the challenge of the remediation and management of the increasing number and areas of contaminated sites.

The remediation of contaminated sites with appropriate. In the study shiwala ghat was found to be least polluted & Rajghat was the most polluted one.

Singh, () had done their study on Physico-chemical properties of polluted water of river Ganga: at Varanasi samples were collected at monthly intervals for a period of two years in between 8am to 10 pm from six different sites.

Some natural (methane) gas is released into the atmosphere via photooxidation of surface oil slicks. Some natural (methane) gas is released into the atmosphere via natural gas seeps on the ocean floor.

Some oil slicks are caused by natural oil seeps on the ocean floor. Some oil slicks are caused by oil spills on the ocean surface.

Phytoplankton/algal communities give more evidences concerning alterations in water quality than nutrient or chlorophyll-a concentration. Water quality is a whole of physical, chemical, and biological properties of the water. It is important to consider that the phytoplankton community changes quickly as a response to changes in water quality.

Küçükçekmece Lagoon was selected as the study area, showing typical characteristics of polluted lagoon systems. This lagoon once sheltered migratory birds and diverse flora and fauna. Today, however, it has vastly deteriorated as a result of extensive regional urbanization and industrialization.

Material and methods In addition, with the relative sea level rise, in some coastal rivers the tide will move further to the inland, and because of the flood tide uplift, the polluted water has back fluctuation, which will inevitably worsen the river pollution.

These polluted rivers often lag at the interface of current and runoff in the river channel to impede the. Selection of appropriate river water treatment methods is important for the restoration of river ecosystems. An in-depth review of different river water treatment technologies has been carried out in this study.

Among the physical-engineering processes, aeration is an effective, sustainable and popular technique which increases microbial activity and degrades organic pollutants. 1) Algal blooms- increase nitrogen and phosphorus are carried into streams, lakes and ground water causing nutrient enrichment 2) Anoxia - Increase in algae and plankton shade life below resulting in anoxia 3) Change in species composition- Increased build up.

Some pollution algae may frequently are toxic to fish and also mankind and animals using polluted water. In fact, algae can play significant part of food chain of aquatic life, thus whatever alters the number and kinds of algae strongly affects all organisms in the chain including fish.

The lake was found to be organic polluted (Palmer's algal pollution index value: ). The average wet land zooplankton index (WZI) value of this lake was estimated means moderate water. Author of Study of the fauna and some chemical characteristics of the algal section of a polluted river, Toxicity tests with oil dispersants in connection with oil spill at Chedabucto Bay, Nova Scotia, Sublethal effects of treated liquid effluent from a petroleum refinery on freshwater organisms, Acute and chronic toxicity of vanadium to fish, Oil and dispersants in Canadian seas, Toxicity and.

amounts of PCB congeners were present. The study concluded that organochlorines and other aryl hydrocarbon receptor-ligands do not harm the previously heavily polluted watercourse.

Raptis et al. () investigated the relationship between biological responses and commonly measured organic sum-parameters, such as chemical and biochemical. The environment and its compartments have been severely polluted by heavy metals. This has compromised the ability of the environment to foster life and render its intrinsic values.

Heavy metals are known to be naturally occurring compounds, but anthropogenic activities introduce them in large quantities in different environmental compartments. Algae (/ ˈ æ l dʒ i, ˈ æ l ɡ i /; singular alga / ˈ æ l ɡ ə /) is an informal term for a large and diverse group of photosynthetic eukaryotic is a polyphyletic grouping, including species from multiple distinct ed organisms range from unicellular microalgae, such as Chlorella and the diatoms, to multicellular forms, such as the giant kelp, a large brown alga.

Theodore T. Kozlowski, Stephen G. Pallardy, in Growth Control in Woody Plants, Effects of Flooding. The poor soil aeration in flooded soils is accompanied by a number of soil and plant changes that adversely influence growth (Kozlowski et al., ).Alterations in soil structure include breakdown of aggregates, deflocculation of clay, and destruction of cementing agents.

In the US, it remains the main source of pollution of drinking water reservoirs [4].In a study, three dozen environmental scientists undertook an ambitious task of identifying the harmful effects of agricultural runoff across the U.S. in order to understand and help manage it better [4].

Contaminated water, through rivers and streams, ends up in water reservoirs that provide drinking. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the major physical characteristics of water are as follows: 1.

Suspended Solids 2. Turbidity 3. Colour 4. Taste and Odour 5. Temperature. Physical parameters define those characteristics of water that respond to the senses of sight, touch, taste or smell.

Suspended solids, turbidity, colour, taste and odour and temperature fall into this [ ]. The stress on our water environment as a result of increased industrialization, which aids urbanization, is becoming very high thus reducing the availability of clean water.

Polluted water is of great concern to the aquatic organism, plants, humans, and climate and indeed alters the ecosystem. The preservation of our water environment, which is embedded in sustainable development, must be well. impoundment, the only recourse to the utility is to use some chemical means of control, usually copper sulfate or chlorine.

Algae can lead to undesirable pH shifts in the course of their growth in a lake or reservoir, usually toward the alkaline side. In some cases. Many algae are readily identifiable to species level by trained personnel who have a good library of literature on algal taxonomy (see section ).

All algae can not be identified to species because: the growth forms of some algal species are morphologically indistinguishable with the light microscope (e.g., zoospores of many green algae); the. Two characteristics of water from the lower Nile long attracted attention-that it was of excellent quality for drinking and irrigation, and that it seasonally contained high concentrations of silt.

The systematic, scientific exploration of the general subject developed but slowly over the last hundred years. With countless species of fish, birds, snakes, insects, mammals, and plants that all live in or around the river, an estimated 1/3 of the world's animals can be found along the Amazon.

At the end of the rainy season in and at the end of the dry season inwe conducted a floristic study of marine macrophytic algae in the intertidal and subtidal zones in moderately and heavily polluted areas at Luhuitou reef, Sanya Bay, Hainan Island, China.

A total of species of marine macrophytes were found during these samplings. At the end of the rainy season, 72 species of. A small percentage of algal species produce toxins that can kill animals, including humans. Exponential growths of these algae are called harmful algal blooms.

When the prolific algal layer dies, it becomes oxygen-demanding waste, which can create very low O 2 concentrations in the water. Spectral characteristics of CDOM (Chromophoric dissolved organic matter) in water columns are a key parameter for bio-optical modeling.

Knowledge of CDOM optical properties and spatial discrepancy based on the relationship between water quality and spectral parameters in the Yinma River watershed with in situ data collected from highly polluted waters are exhibited in this study.

A company has acquired land next to a local river. One month after the company opened, the pH of the river dropped from toand the month after that, the pH was Which effect would lowering the pH most likely have on the organisms in the river basin.

In one river polluted with sewage, it was calculated that the phytoplankton contributed an average of 38 percent of the particulate organic matter from May to November (4). After domestic sewage or effluent has polluted a body of water such as a stream, the algae present react in a manner that is of considerable importance.

Some of these species like to shelter by rocky shores, in areas where stands of seaweeds break the waves' power. Algal beds of this habitat are an important food source for rare and threatened species like marine turtles.

And at low tide, wading birds love to feed on crabs and limpets on exposed rocks. The study of interactions among organisms and between organisms and their environment North America in a species of bear in Asia which is the most likely reason that these two species have similar physical characteristics.

Only 10% of the energy stored in in an organism Can be passed onto the next traffic level of the remaining energy. Recently, the marine habitat has been under pollution threat, which impacts many human activities as well as human life. Increasing concerns about pollution levels in the oceans and coastal regions have led to multiple approaches for measuring and mitigating marine pollution, in order to achieve sustainable marine water quality.

Satellite remote sensing, covering large and remote areas, is. A fire aboard the oil tanker Castillo de Bellver in August was responsible for the tanker’s capsizing. When the fire broke out on August 6, the Castillo de Bellver was located in the South Atlantic Ocean roughly 70 miles from Cape Town, South tanker drifted and broke into two pieces; its stern section, which contained sometons of oil, drifted to within 24 miles of.

The effects of five towns on river water pollution were examined along the Łyna River (southern watershed of the Baltic Sea, northern Poland). The relationships among the spatially derived indicators of urbanization, environmental variables, and physico-chemical and microbiological data (heterotrophic plate count at 22 and 37 °C, and fecal coli) obtained from longitudinal river profiling.

Love Canal - Public Health Time Bomb. Epidemologic Investigation. At the direction of Dr. Robert P. Whalen, State Health Commissioner, the Health Department's Bureau of Occupational Safety and Chronic Disease Research dispatched teams of investigators to the Love Canal area on J to begin a house-to-house health survey of the 97 families living immediately adjacent to the landfill.

polluted water because they have no other option. It affects their bodies, skin, lungs, brain, liver and kidneys, caused cancers, birth defects and other diseases. II. WATER POLLUTION Water pollution may be defined as alteration in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water which may cause harmful effects on human and aquatic.Introduction.

Water pollution is ever more becoming a big problem that the human population needs to seriously look at. Water is the most valuable resource that we have and all living things can’t go for long without it.

70% of the surface of the Earth is covered with water but apparently only 3% of it is fresh and fit for human consumption.Study Plan for Swan Creek, the Toussaint River, Western Lake Erie Tributaries and Lower Maumee River Tributaries. Final TMDL Fact Sheet Biological and Water Quality Survey of the Portage River Basin, Select Maumee River Tributaries, and Select Lake Erie Tributaries, -